“The time has come the Walrus said to talk of many things.” If you remember that Lewis Carroll poem, you know that the story did not turn out so well for the oysters who failed to think through and prepare for their new opportunity. It is a new year and many of you are considering changes in both your personal and professional life. There are several reasons a project manager may be looking to make a job change – projects complete, organizations downsize or career advancement stalls. So, what are good ways to prepare for and succeed at changing jobs and organizations?
First, let me say the obvious. You do not start career planning in a crisis. Even as you work hard to meet the goals of your current organization and successfully complete assigned projects, you should also consider what skills you need in the future and work on getting them. Like what? In May 2009, I talked about job change from the perspective of a hiring organization, “Interviewing tips for project managers.” Looking at the skills an organization desires and wants in its project managers is a place to start your thinking about needed skills and experience. Here are some more thoughts:
The technical skills required of a project manager differ from those of individual contributors. Yes, you need background and general knowledge about technical approaches to solving problems. However, you also need project management skills that use tools to support project organization, control and reporting. You should know how to develop realistic cost and schedule estimates. You also need to understand how return-on-investment is assessed from an organizational perspective.
Project management is about people and the job title “PM” has the word manager in it. Good managers understand how to communicate, listen to and work effectively with a range of stakeholders. People skills — or the lack of — determine your success and desirability as a project manager. Placing yourself into situations that require strong people skills, such as managing remote teams, mentoring and coaching, and working with users demonstrates a commitment to improving your soft skills. Being able to apply a variety of techniques tailored to different individual team members processing styles and learning to give and receive feedback helps hone your people skills.
Outside of direct project management experience, there are activities you can seek out that help refine sought-after PM skills.
- Leadership – within your organization, spearhead non-work efforts by leading committees, setting up community efforts or supporting corporate initiatives. Change management and quality initiatives provide excellent opportunities to develop leadership skills. Within your community, you can practice leadership by organizing and supporting projects of personal interest.
- Constant Learning – through classes, seminars and professional organizations.
- Coaching and mentoring – through volunteer activities in sports and community organizations.
- Negotiating – seek out training or working on projects with multiple stakeholders. Take the lead in reaching compromise and solving problems.
- Public speaking – the fear of this activity is so common, it even has a name, “glossophobia.” You become more skilled and comfortable with public speaking by practicing.
Obtaining Project Manager Professional (PMP) certification shows prospective employers that you understand project management basics and believe that project management is a profession, not just a job. In a future job search, you may find that companies expect a PMP to be considered for a project manager’s position. However, many other certifications may be just as beneficial to you depending on the industry or organization you are either currently with or seeking to move to. A few examples are:
- Manufacturer or product certification – Microsoft, as an example has certifications in the Project Management tools it provides. Cisco also has training and certifications that are applicable and accepted in certain industries.
- Project Management Certifications – While I already mentioned the PMI’s PMP certification, many others exist and should be looked at. PME, CIPM, & MPM – Project Management certifications from AAPM, certification from the IPMA, The IAPPM offers three levels of certification, the APM offers the CPM certification, and the CMAA offers the CM certification for the construction industry.
- Industry or Best Practice method certifications – The IT industry has developed ITIL certifications, the SEI has developed the CMMi method for software development, and the ASQ organization has a Six Sigma certification program for quality.
If you have other suggestions or observations about making a job change in project management, please share.